Bald Faced Hornets

Bald Faced Hornet

Size  12-15 mm
Color  Black with white pattern on face
Body  Segmented and smooth
Legs  6
Antennae  Yes
Stinger  Yes – smooth, able to sting multiple times

 

Habitat:

  • Paper nests
  • Prefer trees and places at least 3 feet off the ground
  • Nests look like grey, papier-mache basketballs and are completely enclosed

Habits:

  • Aggressive and known to sting even if not directly provoked
  • Social insects that live in colonies of 60 to 100
  • Feed on flies, caterpillars, and spiders

Check out their Habits and Habitat here

Cicada Killer Wasps

Cicada Killer Wasp

Size 1” to 2”
Color Black with yellow markings
Body  Large, segmented
Legs  6
Antennae  Yes
Stinger  Yes, females can sting but males do not have stingers

 

Habitat

  • Prefer areas of full sunlight
  • Dig tunnels in the ground near where cicadas live

Habits

  • Breed rapidly and are solitary
  • Non-aggressive and unlikely to sting
  • Territorial and will defend the nest

Check out their Habits and Habitat here.

European Hornets

European Hornet

Size  ½ to 1.4”
Color Brown with orange stripes and light face
Body  Large, segmented
Legs  6
Antennae  Yes
Stinger  Yes, can sting multiple times

 

Habitat:

  • Prefer to build nests in hollowed out trees, wall voids, barns, attics
  • Will nest in abandoned beehives
  • Each nest can house up to 1,000 workers

Habits:

  • Active at night, unlike most stinging insects
  • Rarely aggressive

Check out their Habits and Habitat here.

 

Mud Daubers

Mud Dauber Wasp

Size  1”
Color  Yellow or black; or both
Body Long, slender with a very thin waist
Legs  6
Antennae  Yes
Stinger Yes- but rarely sting

 

Habitat:

  • Construct side by side tubular nests out of mud that resemble organ pipes
  • Prefer spots protected from the rain
  • Occupy the same nest site year after year

Habits:

  • Solitary, do not live in colonies
  • Non-aggressive
  • Feed primarily on spiders, but also plant nectar and honeydew
  • Have contributed to at least 3 commercial airplane crashes

Check out their Habits and Habitat here.

 

Paper Wasps

Paper Wasp

Size  0.75 to 1.25”
Color  Brownish with yellow or red markings
Body Elongated with a slimmer waist
Legs  6 – long and lightly colored
Antennae  Yes
Stinger  Yes

 

Habitat:

  • Paper-like nests that are like upside down umbrellas
  • Cells are open and uncovered
  • Nests often hang from protected areas like roof overhangs, trees, eaves

Habits:

  • Semi-social, small colonies
  • No worker bees
  • Feed on insects such as caterpillars and flies as well as nectar from flowers

Check out their Habits and Habitat here.

 

Yellowjackets

Yellowjacket

Size  ½” to 1”
Color  Black or dark brown, usually with yellow markings
Body  Segmented and smooth
Legs  6 – yellow
Antennae  Yes
Stinger  Yes – barbed and can be used repeatedly

 

Habitat:

  • Generally build nests in the ground
  • Paper-like nests made up of chewed cellulose

Habits:

  • Aggressive and territorial
  • Able to sting multiple times
  • Feed on fruit and sugar during summer

Check out their Habits and Habitat here.